Green vehicle

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A green vehicle or environmentally friendly vehicle is a road motor vehicle that produces less harmful impacts to the environment than comparable conventional internal combustion engine vehicles running on gasoline or diesel, or one that uses certain alternative fuels.[1]

Green vehicles can be powered by alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies and include hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, battery electric vehicles, compressed-air vehicles, hydrogen and fuel-cell vehicles, neat ethanol vehicles, flexible-fuel vehicles, natural gas vehicles, clean diesel vehicles, and some sources also include vehicles using blends of biodiesel and ethanol fuel or gasohol.[2] Several authors also include conventional motor vehicles with high fuel economy, as they consider that increasing fuel economy is the most cost-effective way to improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions in the transport sector in the short run. As part of their contribution to sustainable transport, these vehicles reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, and contribute to energy independence by reducing oil imports.[3]

Fuel examples

  • LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)[4]
  • CNG (Compressed Natural Gas)[5]

See also

References

  1. R.I.C. Publications, Investigating Renewable Energy, 2005, Greenwood Western Australia, p. 67.
  2. http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/
  3. Sperling, D. and Gordon, D. (2009). Two billion cars: driving toward sustainability. Oxford University Press, New York. pp. 235–260. See Chapter 9: Driving Towards Sustainability
  4. http://www.lng24.com/en/
  5. http://www.cngnet.nl/en
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